Vespasianus Divus, Templum
Imperial cult temple commemorating the emperors Vespasian and Titus
Reconstructed state: Building as first dedicated on site
Known historical events
|80 AD to 87 AD
||Begun shortly after Vespasian's death on June 23, 79 AD by Titus or Domitian; completed by 87 AD, when it is mentioned in the acts of the Arvals. Sources: CIL 6.2065.51-52.
, Chron. a. 354, 146 M; Jerome, chron. a. 89 AD, 191 Helm; Prosp. chron. MGH, AA IX, 417.516; Cassiod. chron. 140.727 M.
||After the death of Titus on September 13, 81 AD, the temple was rededicated to him and his father. Sources: Chronogr. a. 354; Cur. Reg. VIII: 115f.
|200 AD to 205 AD
||Restored by Septimius Severus and Caracalla. Sources: CIL 6.938=ILS 2565; Einsiedeln Itinerary.
|1440 AD to 1850 AD
||Identified as the Temple of Jupiter Tonans from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century.
|1810 AD to 1834 AD
||Excavations undertaken in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Sources: Archeologia in posa: Foro Romano (1993) 53.
||Identified as Temple of the Divine Vespasian by Jordan. Sources: H. Jordan, Topographie der Stadt Rom (Berlin 1878) 192-94.