Temple housing archaic cult of the goddess Vesta on the eastern side of the Forum
Reconstructed state: Building as first dedicated on site
Known historical events
|753 BC to 673 BC
||According to tradition, Vesta's cult in the Forum started in the early regal period. Sources: Dion. Hal. 2.64.5-66; Fest. 320L; Plutarch, Numa 2.
||During the Gallic Sack, sacred objects removed and saved by the Vestals with the help of Lucius Albinius. Sources: Plut., Camillus 21.
||Burned; Palladium saved by Caecilius Metellus at the cost of his sight. Sources: Livy ep. 19; Oros. 4.11.9; Ov. Fast. 6.437-454; Dion. Hal. 2.66; Plin. NH 7.141; Val. Max 1.4.5.
||On the night of March 18, the temple narrowly escaped destruction in the fire that raged through the Forum. The thirteen slaves who saved the temple were rewarded with manumission. Sources: Livy 26.27.
||The temple was damaged by a fire that broke out in the Basilica Pauli. The Vestals saved the sacred objects. Sources: Dio 54.24.
||Burned in the Great Fire, but restored by 69. Sources: Tac. Ann. 15.41; Hist. 1.43.
|100 AD to 117 AD
||Rebuilt by Trajan. Sources: R. Scott, LTUR, vol. 5, p. 127.
||Damaged by fire; the Palladium was saved by the Vestals, who carried it up the Sacra Via to the Palatine. Sources: Herodian 1.14.4.
||Excavated in 1877 and identified as the Temple of Vesta by R. Lanciani. Sources: R. Lanciani, "L'Atrio di Vesta," NSc 1883, pp. 471-478.