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Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Photograph of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA

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Model renderings: 4
Photographs: 35
Archival images: 0
Videos: 0
Object catalog: 0

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Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall

Originally built by Thutmose IV - 1401 BCE to 1391 BCE (Show in timemap)
Destroyed by: Amenhotep III - 1390 BCE to 1352 BCE ( (Show in timemap))

Other works initiated by Thutmose IV:
Obelisk Unique, Pylon and Festival Court of Thutmose II

Other works destroyed by Amenhotep III:
Obelisks of Festival Hall West Pair, White Chapel, Amenhotep II Shrine, Amenhotep I Limestone Chapel, Pylon and Festival Court of Thutmose II

Other halls:
Akhmenu, Hypostyle Hall, Pylon and Festival Court of Thutmose II, Wadjet Hall

Introduction

Only four of the pillars composing the peristyle of Thutmose IV remain in situ at Karnak today. A large section of the peristyle was removed in ancient times during the dismantling of the Thutmose II "festival hall." Today, the remains of the structure found during modern work at Karnak have been reconstructed at the temple’s Open Air Museum. Many of the recovered blocks still have relief scenes accented with vivid red, yellow, green-blue and blue paint. The raised relief scenes on the pillars depict the king embracing the god Amun. The inscriptions reference the jubilee (heb-sed) festival of Thutmose IV.

Measurements: The pillars were 5m in height and 1m across. The shrine measured 4.7m across, 7m deep and 5.2m high.

Phase: Thutmose IV

Thutmose IV adorned the Thutmose II "festival hall" with a double peristyle of square pillars. A small calcite shrine, similar in construction to the calcite chapel of Amenhotep I, was positioned in the southwest corner of the hall between the pillars.

As part of the embellishment of the court, its walls were refaced in sandstone and redecorated. The west wall portrayed cattle being sacrificed and the king making offerings to the god Amun. The north wall showed the king before Amun performing rituals. The south wall contained more offering scenes and depicted the king, accompanied by his mother Tiaa, stretching the cord for the building.

Construction materials: sandstone, calcite

Destruction: Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III tore down the pylon and "festival hall" of Thutmose II to construct the third pylon. His new pylon was situated east of the Thutmose II pylon, shrinking the area of the court between the temple's entrance and the fourth pylon. The western half of the pillared peristyle of Thutmose IV was disassembled. Four pillars from the peristyle were discovered in the northeast corner of this smaller court, suggesting that the eastern peristyle may have remained. Many of the blocks from this peristyle were used as construction fill in the king’s new constructions at the temple.

About the reconstruction model of this phase

Image resource: Rendering of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Rendering of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Rendering of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA
Image resource: Rendering of Thutmose IV Peristyle Hall, by UCLA

A plan of the peristyle was not available when the model was constructed. The model version therefore was designed using photos of the reconstruction of the peristyle in the Open Air Museum and the plan of the location of the four existing columns at Karnak today (Carlotti 2001: pl. 1). It should be emphasized that the exact layout and plan of the peristyle on the model is therefore highly hypothetical. As more information on this area becomes published, the model will need to be changed.

A simple sandstone pattern was applied to most parts of the peristyle on the model. However, photographs from Karnak of the clear remains of painted stripes on the cornice and shaft of the pillars were used to add these colored details to the model. A small section of one of the relief scenes (showing some vertical lines at the top and the base lines for the scenes at the bottom) was copied and added to the model of each pillar to act as a placeholder, marking the general location of the scenes. Since the scenes on each pillar differ, it was decided not to place one scene on the model multiple times. Readers should refer to the photos from the reconstructed pillars at the Open Air Museum for examples of the original scenes.

Bibliography and Sources Used for Model Construction

Bryan, Betsy (1980), The reign of Tuthmosis IV, vol. Ph.D.. New Haven: Yale University.

Carlotti, Jean-François (2001), L'Akh-menou de Thoutmosis III à Karnak : etude architecturale. Paris: Recherche sur les civilisations.

Larché, François (1993), “Karnak, 1989-1992.” Cahiers de Karnak, vol. IX, V-XX.